Python sorted method
The sorted method is used for sorting operations, such as number, string order of the list etc.
If sorting a list in python, you can use the List class member function sort()
, which operates on the original space, modifying the list itself and not returning a copy. The grammar reads as follows.
L.sort(cmp=None, key=None, reverse=False)
The sorted function is much more powerful than the sort()
function, which can only sort lists, and sorted()
can sort all iteratable types and return new sorted lists.
Related course: Complete Python Programming Course & Exercises
Sorted Syntax
sorted(iterable[, cmp[, key[, reverse]]])
Description of parameters.

iterable  Iterable objects.

cmp  The function of comparison (which has been completely removed from python3), this function has two arguments, the values of which are taken from iteratable objects, the rules that this function must obey are, greater than returns 1, less than returns 1, equal to returns 0.

key  the element that is primarily used for comparison (provided by python2.4 onwards, previously using cmp), with only one argument, the argument of the specific function is taken from the iteratable object, specifying an element in the iteratable object to be sorted. This function will be called before each element is compared.

reverse  sequencing rule, reverse = True descending, reverse = False ascending (default).
return value
 Returns the reordered list.
Sorted Example
The following example shows how sorted can be used.
>>> a = [1,2,1,4,3,5]
>>> a.sort()
>>> a
[1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
>>> a = [1,2,1,4,3,5]
>>> sorted(a)
[1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
>>> a
[1, 2, 1, 4, 3, 5]
More examples:
>> a = [5,7,6,3,4,1,2]
>> b = sorted(a) # Retain original list
>> a [5, 7, 6, 3, 4, 1, 2]
>> b[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7]
>> L=[('b',2),('a',1),('c',3),('d',4)]
>>
>> sorted(L, cmp=lambda x,y:cmp(x[1],y[1])) # Utilize cmp function [('a', 1), ('b', 2), ('c', 3), ('d', 4)]
>> sorted(L, key=lambda x:x[1]) # Utilize key[('a', 1), ('b', 2), ('c', 3), ('d', 4)]
reverse sorted Sorted returning a list in reverse order
>>> sorted(list1,reverse = True)
[('sara', 80), ('mary', 90), ('lily', 95), ('david', 90)]
sorted with cmp Sorted with your own comparison function
>>> list1 = [('david', 90), ('mary',90), ('sara',80),('lily',95)]
>>> sorted(list1,cmp = lambda x,y: cmp(x[0],y[0]))
[('david', 90), ('lily', 95), ('mary', 90), ('sara', 80)]
>>> sorted(list1,cmp = lambda x,y: cmp(x[1],y[1]))
[('sara', 80), ('david', 90), ('mary', 90), ('lily', 95)]
sorted with key Returns a sorted list using key
>>> list1 = [('david', 90), ('mary',90), ('sara',80),('lily',95)]
>>> sorted(list1,key = lambda list1: list1[0])
[('david', 90), ('lily', 95), ('mary', 90), ('sara', 80)]
>>> sorted(list1,key = lambda list1: list1[1])
[('sara', 80), ('david', 90), ('mary', 90), ('lily', 95)]